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Schedules Astronomy & Physics master
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2019-2020 in pdf or xls
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2018-2019 in pdf or xls
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2017-2018 in pdf or xls
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2016-2017 in pdf or xls
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2015-2016 in pdf or xls
Astronomy & Physics master's schedule 2014-2015 in pdf or xls
Astronomy master's courses
Courses and course descriptions 2019-2020 (Prospectus)
Courses and course descriptions 2018-2019 (e-Prospectus)
Courses and course descriptions 2017-2018 (e-Prospectus)
Courses and course descriptions 2016-2017 (e-Prospectus)
Courses and course descriptions 2015-2016 (e-Prospectus)
Courses and course descriptions 2014-2015 (e-Prospectus)
Level of master's courses
The course load in the descriptions of both bachelor's and master's courses is based on the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) and is given in credit points (EC). 1 EC equals 28 hours of study. This includes preparing for and attending classes, reading books, writing papers, studying for tests and exams etc. Leiden students do not receive credits for courses they have failed. An academic year consists of 60 credit points.
In addition to the course load, an indication of the course level is included in all course descriptions. This is based on the American course level system of six categories (100 to 600). The first year of a bachelor's education programme contains courses of level 100 or 200, the second year of level 200 or 300 and the third year of level 300 or 400. Master's education programmes contain courses of level 400 and higher.
Introductory course, building directly on the knowledge acquired during pre-university education. Characteristics: teaching based on a general textbook or syllabus, pedagogically structured, with exercises and tests; tutor-guided seminars; accents in study material and examples in lectures.
Introductory course, requiring no specific prior knowledge but expecting experience with independent study. Characteristics: textbooks or other teaching material of a more or less introductory nature; lectures e.g. as capita selecta ; independent study is expected.
Course for advanced students, requiring a prerequisite of level 100 or 200. Characteristics: books used are not necessarily written specifically for teaching; independent study; independent application of subject matter to solve new problems.
Specialised course, requiring a prerequisite level of 200 or 300. Characteristics: use of professional literature (articles in journals), in addition to textbooks; examination (partly) through a limited study, a lecture or a paper. A component at this level may to some extent also be part of a master’s programme.
Course with an academic orientation, entrance requirements at master’s level. Characteristics: study of advanced professional literature meant for researchers; tests aimed at problem solving by a paper or original research, with independent critical reflection on the course materials.
Highly specialized course, prerequisite level 400 or 500. Characteristics: topical research papers; stat-of-the-art academic thinking; oral presentation of an original contribution (thesis) dealing with a yet unsolved problem.